Dictionaries and other online linguistic resources (1): French

maupassant zwThe following is an overview of French linguistic resources available online (free access) at the websites of academic/specialized publishers or institutions.

Dictionnaire de l’Académie française, 8th (1932-35) and 9th edition (in progress).

Publisher Larousse’s Dictionnaire de français and Dictionnaires bilingues (a huge selection of French, English, German, Italian and Spanish bilingual dictionaries, plus French to/from Arabic and Chinese ones). Multilingual dictionaries are also available via Van Dale (UvA-staff and -students only) and the free editions of Cambridge Dictionaries Online, Collins Dictionaries and Oxford Dictionaries.

The outstanding University of Chicago’s ARTFL (“American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language”) offers, among others, the following: Dictionnaires d’autrefois, a search engine to simultaneously query Jean Nicot’s Thresor de la langue française (1606), Jean-François Féraud’s Dictionaire critique de la langue française (1787-1788), Émile Littré’s Dictionnaire de la langue française (1872-1877) and the Dictionnaire de l’Académie française 1st (1694), 4th (1762), 5th (1798), 6th (1835), and 8th (1932-5) editions. The Dictionnaire vivant de la langue française (DVLF) is also accessible via ARTFL, next to several other reference and literary works which will be discussed in forthcoming posts.

Some of ARTFL’s resources result from the collaboration between the University of Chicago and the CNRTL (“Centre National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales”), whose website offers both “Dictionnaires anciennes” and “Dictionnaires modernes”: among the latter is Le Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé, while the former include the Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330-1500) and the Dictionnaire de Trévoux (Dictionnaire universel françois et latin; 1740). As part of CNRTL’s activities, ATILF (“Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française”) has made available online the Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (1922-2003).

Among the riches of Gallica (the Bibliothèque nationale de France's digital library) are the digitalized versions of Antoine Furetière's Dictionaire universel (1690) and Frédéric Godefroy’s Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881-1902).

The online accessibility of even more (historical) French dictionaries has been made possible by institutions in Australia (Dictionnaire de la langue française du seizième siècle, 1925-67, La Trobe University) and Germany: Dictionnaire étymologique de l’ancien français (DEAF, via the Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften), Dictionnaire de l’occitan médiéval (DOM, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften) and Altfranzösisches Wörterbuch (1915-2002, Universität Stuttgart).

As for the French grammar, the University of Tennessee-Martin’s directory French Grammar Central is «ample material for courses on an advanced college level», while “Levende Talen” – a Dutch organization promoting (second) language education in The Netherlands – offers both specialized initiatives for French (just as for Italian and Spanish) and a quarterly open access journal, Levende talen tijdschrift.

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blog voor de Collectie Romaanse Talen van de Universiteitsbibliotheek van de UvA (universiteit van Amsterdam)
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3 Responses to Dictionaries and other online linguistic resources (1): French

  1. Pingback: Dictionaries and other online linguistic resources (2): Italian | Blog Nostrum

  2. Pingback: Dictionaries and other online linguistic resources (3): Spanish | Blog Nostrum

  3. Pingback: French literature and cultural studies: online resources | Blog Nostrum

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